The solid restaurant industry job growth in 2012 represented the 13th consecutive year in which restaurant job growth outpaced the overall economy. Overall, restaurant employment currently stands 441,000 jobs above its high-point before the recession, while the overall economy is still down 3.2 million jobs from the pre-recession peak.
"The sizable disparity in 2012 job growth marked the continuation of a long-term trend," says Bruce Grindy, chief economist for the NRA. "In fact, during the last 13 years, the number of eating-and-drinking-place jobs jumped 25 percent, while total US employment rose by only 4%."
The NRA expects restaurants to add jobs at a 2.7% rate in 2013, a full percentage-point above the projected 1.7% gain in total employment. Employment gains will continue to be driven by growth in the number of locations, as well as existing restaurants staffing up to meet an improving business environment.
"The projected 2013 gain will represent the 14th consecutive year in which restaurant industry job growth outpaces the overall economy, and the third consecutive year in which the industry registered job growth in excess of 2.5%," Grindy says. "In comparison, the overall economy hasn't posted job growth above 2.5% since 1998."
With the release of the February 1 jobs report, BLS included revisions that gave a clearer picture of employment trends during and after the recession. Restaurant employment fell 3.9% during the recession, while the overall economy lost 6.3% of its employment base.
"The restaurant industry was certainly not immune from the effects of the Great Recession, with job losses in 2009 and 2010 representing just the second and third years on record that the industry cut staffing levels," says Grindy. "However, the restaurant industry bounced back quickly after the recession, with January's employment level up 8.8% from the bottom of the cycle. In comparison, total US employment is only up 4.3% from the recession trough."
Job growth within the restaurant industry was broad-based on 2012, with several of the major segments registering strong gains. Snack and nonalcoholic beverage bars – including coffee, donut and ice cream shops – set the pace with a robust 4.9% employment gain. Foodservice contactors (4.8%), quickservice restaurants (4.1%) and fullservice restaurants (3%) also added jobs at rates well above the overall economy in 2012.
Eating and drinking places (restaurants and bars) are the primary component of the restaurant industry, and account for roughly three-fourths of the total restaurant and foodservice workforce. The restaurant and foodservice industry remains the nation's second largest private-sector employer with its workforce of 13.1 million.