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Phasing out Trans Fats
BakeMag.com, Oct. 24, 2012
by Staff

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Consuming trans fats can lead to a number of health risks such as the clogging of arteries, an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.

California was the first state legislature to prohibit specific trans fats from being served or used in preparation at restaurants or other food establishments. In addition, Colorado has also joined the effort to phase out trans fats. In May, the state enacted legislation to prohibit industrially produced trans fats foods in public schools

The American Heart Association recommends limiting saturated fat to less than 7% and trans fat to less than 1% of total daily calories.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report a 58% decline in trans fat in blood between 2000 and 2009. The sizeable drop in consumption coincides with quickly growing public awareness and consistent coverage by national and local media.

A great deal of this change is attributed to several states, including New York, Philadelphia, Baltimore, California and Montgomery County, MD, that have banned or enforced trans fat regulations. The FDA requirement for labeling trans fat on nutrition facts labels is also a major contributor to this drop in consumption.

The American Heart Association also urges members of the food industry to avoid relying on trans fats as well. To find
the heart-healthiest alternatives, the American Heart Association suggests testing trans fat replacements that are lower in saturated fat, and using the one that works best in your recipes. The association has also created a 0g trans fat baking product list to identify trans fat replacements that are lowest in saturated fats.

Trans Fat Replacements
These products have less than 0.5 g of trans fat per serving, in accordance with the term “0g trans fat” defined by the FDA. They are listed here according to saturated fat content.
Canola oil — 7%
Canola oil with TBHQ and dimethylpolysiloxane — 7%
Sunflower oil — 11%
Safflower — 12%
Grape seed oil — 13%
Olive oil — 15%
Soybean oil — 15% 

Artificial Trans Fat
Below are items that may contain artificial trans fat, according to the American Heart Association:
Vegetable shortening
Baking margarine
Liquid cake shortening
Doughnut fry shortening
Frozen dough and pie crusts
Canned fillings
Chocolate chips and other candy add-ins
Whipped toppings

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